How do careers work? Definition, Examples, and Routes

How do careers work

You can choose the education and abilities you need to support a career by choosing that career. Your chances of success can be improved by choosing your career carefully and thoughtfully. It can take some effort and research to select the ideal career. In-depth discussion of what a profession is, examples of various career routes, and advice on how to choose a job are all included in this article.

Profession definition

There are two definitions of a career. A profession, occupation, trade, or vocation are all frequently referred to using the word “career.” What you do for a living is defined by your job, which can range from occupations requiring substantial education and training to ones that can be performed with just a high school diploma and a willingness to learn. Work as a doctor, attorney, teacher, carpenter, veterinary assistant, electrician, cashier, instructor, or hairstylist is an example of a career.


But, there is another way to define a career. Furthermore, it relates to the advancement and actions you have made throughout your working years, particularly as they pertain to your vocation. It consists of the various positions you have had, the titles you have obtained, and the work you have produced over a considerable amount of time. When regarded in this light, a career covers everything connected to your professional growth, such as your profession of choice and promotion. Your single career may take a number of distinct directions.

Different career options

There are numerous different employment options accessible.


A number of unrelated jobs

You could have a variety of unconnected jobs throughout your career. You might work as a salesperson in a store, a waiter in a restaurant, and then a receptionist in a veterinary clinic, for instance. There is no way to forecast what your future employment will be because every job is very different from the next. You might not notice big wage increases or increases in responsibilities from one to the next because they don’t have anything in common.


Moving up in a single profession

This route entails career advancement inside the same industry, whether you work for the same company or various businesses. For instance, if you are now employed as a cashier, you might eventually be promoted to a customer service role where you manage customer service concerns in addition to operating a cash register. You might eventually be promoted to a head cashier job where you would oversee the other cashiers.

Advancing within the same field but not profession

This route entails continuing in the same field but possibly changing careers. For instance, if managing a restaurant is your dream job, you might start out as a dish washer and work your way up to head waiter, assistant manager, and manager.


Typical career trajectories

Reviewing career paths for a range of various jobs might be useful to help you understand how career paths can advance. Be aware that some career pathways, including those that involve moving forward within a single profession, are direct, while others are indirect and may require working in other fields or positions.


1. Sales and customer service

Customer care agents move from inside to outside sales, from account executives to sales managers.

2. Editorial

Senior editor to editorial director via editorial assistant to assistant editor to editor


3. Education

From a teacher to a curriculum coordinator to an assistant principle and then a principal.


4. Retail

Assistant management, store manager, regional manager, and sales associate.

5. Personnel resources

Assistant HR Director, HR Specialist, Assistant HR Director, Director of HR.


Advice for choosing the appropriate job path

  • Connect frequently
  • Always discover new things
  • Pay close attention to business news
  • Plan ahead yet remain adaptable
  • Be prepared for career changes.
  • Be alert for lateral movements.

Connect frequently

You can find new job paths by connecting with your peers and creating and fostering professional ties. You never know which relationship will bring up a brand-new chance.


Always discover new things

It’s crucial to constantly be learning since the employment market is constantly changing and because technology and best practices are always evolving. Examine the hard and soft talents that individuals with similar occupations or in your field now possess on their LinkedIn accounts. Examine their certificates as well. Choose the most important areas where you need to improve your knowledge and skills.


Pay close attention to business news

Keep up with trends by reading trade publications or blogs. They will also provide you with information on your profession’s employment forecast.

Plan ahead yet remain adaptable

Don’t stick too rigidly to a predetermined plan when determining your job path. Keep your eyes on your objective while remaining open to any new opportunities that may arise. Be aware of your priorities and the aspects of your work and profession that you like. Moreover, consider what you would want from a career that differs from the one you already have.


Be prepared for career changes

It could be time to think about switching careers completely or at least going in a different path if you’ve held your position for a while or work in a decreasing industry.


Be alert for lateral movements

Be open to the concept of a lateral move, or even a step backward, if it will provide you the opportunity to gain important connections or abilities that may have an impact on your career in the future.


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